Asian American women are a growing and influential constituency in the United States. Asian American women’s share of the female population will grow from 5.14 percent in 2012 to 7.8 percent in 2050. Asian American women are making significant strides in education, participation, health, and other areas, but there is a long way to go to fully close racial and ethnic disparities. New policies such as the Affordable Care Act, or ACA, and other proposed policies such as paid sick leave can greatly improve the lives of Asian American women and their families. For example, under the ACA, around 2.5 million Asian American women with private health insurance are currently receiving expanded preventive service coverage under the ACA. Estimates suggest that 970,000 Asian American women will gain access to affordable or subsidized health insurance.
This fact sheet provides a snapshot of statistics about health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership that should guide our choices to enact sensible policies to unleash the potential of this growing demographic and benefit our economy. Except for where noted, the following information reflects Asian American women in aggregate as a single group and, due to limited data, does not take often into account variations about Asian subcategories, such as Chinese-, Japanese-, and Korean-Americans, which often differ significantly.
Many Asian American women lack health coverage and more than one in five Asian American women of child-bearing age—ages 15 to 44—is uninsured. And while Asian American women face significant health challenges, there have been a number of notable improvements.
- Fifty-nine percent of nail technicians were women of color in 2007, a large share of whom were Asian American women. These women are disproportionately at risk for exposure to harmful toxins and chemicals that have been linked to reproductive harm, such as infertility, miscarriages, and cancer.
- Asian American women are twice as likely to die from pregnancy-related causes such as embolism and pregnancy-related hypertension.
- In 2013, 37.6 percent of Asian American women over age 40 did not get routine mammograms, and 32 percent of adult Asian American women did not get routine Pap smears.
- U.S.-born Asian American women had a higher lifetime rate of suicidal thoughts, at 15.9 percent, than that of the general U.S. population, at 13.5 percent.
- Birth rates for Asian American women ages 15 to 19 decreased by 5 percent from 2011 to 2012.
Asian American women have achieved a higher level of educational attainment than other women and are often doing as well as their male counterparts.
- Asian American women surpassed white women in actual graduation rates in 2004, the last year for which data on Asian American women are available. College graduation rates for white women and Asian American women were 45.8 percent and 49.4 percent, respectively.
- Asian American women held 8.36 percent of bachelor’s degrees held by women while only constituting 5.14 percent of the female population in 2013.
- Asian American and white women earned an equal amount of science and engineering degrees as their male counterparts in 2010.
Asian American women are underrepresented among the Fortune 500 CEOs and board members. Business ownership among Asian American women entrepreneurs, however, has grown immensely over the past 15 years. There are 620,300 Asian American women-owned businesses in the United States. This reflects a tremendous 156 percent increase since 1997.
- Asian American women own 6.7 percent of all women-owned firms across the country.
- The states with the largest number of Asian American women-owned businesses are California at 193,300, New York at 68,700, and Texas at 51,800.
- There are an estimated 620,300 Asian American women-owned businesses in the United States. This reflects a tremendous 83 percent increase since 2002 and a 156 percent increase since 1997.
- Asian American women-owned firms across the country have estimated total receipts of $105 billion. The total receipts of Asian American women-owned firms grew 181 percent since 1997.
- A full 82.5 percent of Asian American women-owned firms are nonemployer firms, or firms with no employees, with average receipts of $34,204.
- Asian American women-owned firms have more paid employees compared to Latina and African American women-owned firms, employing an estimated 649,000 people across the country.
Despite their high achievements in education, Asian American women make disproportionately less money than their male and non-Hispanic white counterparts. These disparities are leaving a growing portion of our population more vulnerable to poverty and its implications.
- The American Association of University Women found that Asian American women made 73 percent of their male counterparts’ wages in 2012.
- The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that 22.3 percent of Asian American women worked in the service sector in 2012 compared to only 20 percent of white women.
- The health care industry is the largest employer of Asian American and Pacific Islander women.
- The share of Asian American women at or below minimum wage more than doubled from 2007 to 2012.
- The unemployment rate for Asian American women increased from 4.9 percent in 2008 to 8.5 percent in 2011.
- The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics report “A Profile of Working Poor, 2011” indicates that 5.38 percent of Asian American women in the labor force are “working poor.”
- In 2011, 12.3 percent of Asian American women lived in poverty.
- The top industries for Asian American women-owned businesses include other services, at 25.5 percent of all Asian American women-owned businesses; health care and social assistance, at 13.9 percent; and professional, scientific, and technical services, at 13.3 percent.
- The average total unemployment rate for all Asian American women was 5.8 percent from 2008 to 2010 while non-Asian American women had an average rate of 7.4 percent. When we observe the ethnic diversity within the category of Asian American women, we find that some subgroups of Asian American women are doing far better than others. Asian-Indian women showed an unemployment rate of 7.3 percent; Chinese, 4.5 percent; Filipino, 5.6 percent; Japanese, 3.7 percent; Korean, 6.2 percent; Vietnamese, 5 percent; and all other Asian women’s groups had an even higher unemployment rate at 7.6 percent.
While Asian American women have a rich history of leadership in their communities, they continue to be greatly underrepresented in positions of power in government.
- In the 113th Congress, seven members are Asian American women—six in the House of Representatives and one in the Senate.
- Of the 1,789 women serving nationwide in state legislatures, 32 are Asian American.
- In America’s 100 largest cities, there is only one Asian American woman mayor—Jean Quan from Oakland, California.
To be quite honest, this is really really “Model Minority” esque rhetoric. Not sure if I dig it, but I’m always thirsty for more facts and updates. Also skeptical because this was put together by a non-Asian dude. Hmm.
ABOUT THE FILM:
Stuyvesant. Bronx Science. Brooklyn Tech: all nationally ranked public high schools considered among the best in New York City and the nation. Each year, thousands of 8th graders compete to secure coveted spots at these elite schools by taking the Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (the SHSAT). Admission is granted based solely on that single test score.
Only one in five will get in.
Accusations of racial discrimination have been leveled against this one-test-only policy, as black and Hispanic youth, comprising 70% of the city’s total public school population, now represent only 5% of the student body at some of the specialized schools. Meanwhile, Asian Americans and whites form supermajorities. In September 2012, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights to challenge this admission policy.
This documentary follows the struggles and challenges of a diverse group of students, many of them immigrants and working class, as they prepare for this all-important test.
WHY THIS FILM IS IMPORTANT
Education is one key path to social justice, and Tested will spotlight this, along with hot-button issues relevant to our “post-racial”/Obama era:
- Access to high-quality public education. As income gaps widen in America, the education gap is widening as well. Large segments of the public, minorities in particular, are now at risk of being left behind. With the growing importance of technology and information, what can we do to ensure every child has a chance to participate in the American dream?
- Equity and social justice. While polling shows the American public generally approves of policies that address past racial discrimination, support for these programs is diminishing, and the Supreme Court — as witnessed in the recent Fisher v. Texas case and another on the 2014 docket — seems determined to chip away at such programs. While not necessarily directly addressing affirmative action, our film will look at the SHSAT through the prism of fairness.
- Race versus class. From free school classes to ethnic-based programs and private tutors, the film will touch on what prep options are available to whom and at what financial cost. We’ll also examine the fact that at some of these specialized schools, over fifty percent of the students are Title I, many coming from poor neighborhoods and immigrant families.
- The Tiger Mom and model-minority myth. Often discussions on education policy present issues as white versus black and brown. We will include the often overlooked Asian American perspective, adding a whole different set of stereotypes to the mix and attempting to sift through them.
The film will examine how communities of color, using stereotypes, are pitted against one another in a fight for dwindling public resources. The film is especially timely because of the recent NAACP LDF legal complaint. Even as public education comes under fire, it remains one of the few tools available to help disadvantaged and immigrant families ascend America’s socioeconomic ladder.
WHO WE ARE
CURTIS CHIN — Director/Writer/Producer
Curtis’s last film, Vincent Who? has screened at over 300 colleges in four countries and won awards from the National Association for Multicultural Education and the Asian American Justice Center. He’s excited to be back in NYC to work on Tested, his second feature documentary film.
ADAM WOLMAN — Writer/Producer
Drawing on his experience at HBO Digital, Disney|ABC Television Group, MTV, and CBS Productions, Adam consults for writers, entertainment tech companies, and other content creators for television/film/the web. Before moving to L.A., Adam was an independent producer in Boston, and also dipped a toe (still wet) into politics as a lobbyist and speechwriter for Mass Citizen Action.
SAM HENRIQUES — Director of Photography
A product of New York’s public schools and with two daughters of his own currently in the system, Sam knows firsthand how complex it can be to navigate NYC’s public school system. Sam recently won an Emmy for The Good Soldier as Producer in Documentary & Historical Programming. He also worked on Portrait of Wally, Nursery University andAngola, which was nominated for an Academy Award.
Douglas Kim recently released this very well-done video on his experiences as an Asian American. While I side-eye some of the scenes, such as the car scene with the Asian girl and the white guy, Doug and I have talked about his intentions and the stereotype that follows that romantic pairing.
The lyrics “I’m pissed off but I’m too polite when Asian girls all want a guy who’s white” piss ME off, since we’ve discussed on Tumblr the horrible horrible misogyny and sexism in the Asian community when it comes to interracial relationships. I still disagree with Doug on him using this line and that scene when there were so many other issues and things he could have put in.
Here are his annotations for the video:
Annotations (in order of appearance):
0:22 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-ra…
0:29 - http://nymag.com/news/features/asian-…
0:39 - http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001…
1:24 - http://www.quora.com/Interracial-Dati…
1:49 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNuyDZ…
2:02 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bZkp7…
2:11 - http://blogs.wsj.com/speakeasy/2012/1…
2:33 - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jonatha…
3:11 - http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/20/opi…
3:25 - http://blog.angryasianman.com/
4:03 - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02…
Doug also wrote a blog post on the making of this video, I’ve chosen an excerpt:
I recently talked with a female Asian friend of mine who told me what offends her most about “yellow fever” that some white Americans have. They would say, “What’s wrong with having a preference of someone you’re attracted to? How is that different from being attracted to blondes or brunettes?” She told me that when guys are attracted to her for being Asian, they’ve already put some sort of image of what they think she is on her, they’ve put her in a box. Their interests in her are purely self serving, in order to fulfill their preferences and desires. I think we both agree that there isn’t a problem with whites being attracted to Asians, but when it is exclusively being attracted to their Asianness, it becomes creepy. We both want our humanness to be recognized underneath our Asianness.
Seems like he’s got a good head on his shoulders, he’s very talented, and he put together a great video. I just wish it didn’t have that scene or that line in it. What are your thoughts? Is Doug a Youtuber who “gets it”?
“I Am NOT Your Model Minority” Campaign pt. 2
By the SPACES APSA Community Retention Program at UCSD
Attend the “I Am NOT Your Model Minority” Workshop in Tuesday, January 15th, 2013. Details: https://www.facebook.com/events/531357673548751/?fref=ts
That is,White racism is a pathology looking for a place to land, sadism in search of a story. — George Lipsitz
Being interpreted as cute or sexy, and yet still dehumanized, results in harassment and assault that is considered “flattery” rather than what it is — racist.
“I repeat: these stereotypes are dangerous. Reducing Asian women into a sexual object is not funny, it is not flattering. It is perilous. We can see this when Asian women are subject to race-targeted sexual violence. The racist nature of the crimes go unrecognized and unpunished, as if there is nothing wrong with choosing a rape victim because she is Asian.
But in rapes and sexual assaults targeting Asian women, I can find no instance of prosecutors or police bringing “hate crime” charges. It seems our society frowns on the rape itself, but accepts the racial motivation behind it. Mainstream society simply is blind to this type of racism. Indeed, the Spokane police detective handling the case wrote in an email to me: “It was felt that there was no hate involved instead he [the lead rapist] was very infatuated with the Japanese race.” (sic).”
That the stereotype was “positive” or “negative” makes no difference to the victim.
In a chapter on the Model Minority Myth, freakin’ UConn pops up. To all the ignit Huskies who wonder why the Asian American Cultural Center exists, this is why.
Page 479 from Takaki’s Strangers From a Different Shore. A History of Asian Americans.
Our favorite musician needs some help!
Jason Chu is rap-battling with Andy Milonakis and needs your support! Show your love by watching, “liking”, and sharing this video!
I had the pleasure of meeting and hanging out with Model Minority (Andrew Fung, David Fung, and Jason Chu) while at the OCA Convention!
If you haven’t heard of Model Minority, they’re responsible for some of the illest beats and tracks to emerge from the Asian American community. Check em out, listen to their tracks, share their videos!
NEW SPOKEN WORD VIDEO! “Colorblind” - a response to racism in film, media, and theater.
Please Like & Share with your friends!
Being colorblind (“Racism doesn’t exist, I only see PEOPLE!) is a form of racism.
Check out this sick spoken word poem by one of the most talented and awesome people I know (Jason Chu of Model Minority) about how the La Jolla Playhouse only cast 2 Asian Americans in a play….set in ancient China.
Just because you don’t put us on the stage/screen/radio/headlines doesn’t mean we don’t exist.
ONE NIGHT ONLY
As part of NYU’s Asian Heritage Month, and as the perfect way to wrap up a very exciting and busy month, hip hop artist Jason Chu (Model Minority fame) will be performing alongside Youtube sensation KevJumba. Tickets are being sold at Ticket Central, $7 for NYU students and $10 for non-students.